The Pilates method was originally devised by Joseph Pilates in the 1920’s.
Joseph Pilates opened his New York Studio ‘Body Conditioning Gym’ which soon become in popular in particular with the dance community, as it offered a chance to improve technique or recover from injury. He invented a range of resistance machines: Reformer, Cadillac, Chair, where spring tension was used to support or challenge the body.
During his lifetime the Joseph Pilates method of exercise was called Contrology. It was only after his death that it become known as the Pilates Method.